Treatment of bronchiectasis should aim to maximise quality of life, reduce symptoms, prevent exacerbations and prevent any further lung damage. With good treatment, it is possible for individuals with bronchiectasis to remain stable for many years and to have good control of their symptoms.
The condition progresses through what is called a ‘vicious cycle’ of infection, inflammation and lung damage. Infections cause the lungs to become inflamed and the inflammation damages the lung. More lung damage makes you more open to infection. Treatment tackles all three aspects as shown in the diagram: